How to Express "Too [adjective]" in Japanese (Sentence Patterns #7)
The word すぎる (sugiru) means "to surpass" or "to exceed." When attached to an adjective, it expresses the idea of "too much." For example, 大きすぎる (おおきすぎる) means "too big."
すぎる conjugates as a class 2 (ichidan) verb.
In Japanese, you can express the idea of "too big/small/slow/expensive/etc." by adding すぎる ("to surpass/exceed") to the adjective in question. The way you do this differs slightly depending on what type of adjective you're dealing with.
When using this grammatical rule for い-ending adjectives, you need to drop the final い before adding すぎる.
As I expected, these pants are too small for me.
For な adjectives, you can just pop すぎる onto the end of the adjective.
It's too quiet in here. It's very suspicious, isn't it?
すぎる is a class 2 (ichidan) verb. As such, its polite form is すぎます, its past informal form is すぎた, and so on. For more on conjugations, check out my verb conjugation series.
See if you can understand the following sentences. Scroll down for the English translations.
The weather was too cold for camping.
Is this sentence too simple?
This fish is very delicious, but it's too expensive.